Exposure and you may Protection Factors
According to the 2007 Federal Health Survey, 73% of women and you will 89% of males stated that they had consumed alcohol, and usage are greater for the cities than in rural areas. Tobacco cigarette application is actually reported because of the six.3% of females and you may several% of men aged 15–49. Good-sized distinctions was receive among smokers, with folks having low levels out of studies and money puffing more than simply people with high quantities of knowledge and you can earnings. Rather than specifying the kind of medications, 1% of women and you will 5% of men decades 15 to help you forty-two acknowledge they’d put medication at some point in lifestyle.
The medical Bodies Performance
The program from the Dominican Republic consists of good societal sector and you can a personal business. The general public sector contains the newest Ministry regarding Societal Health and Public Passion, the newest National Fitness Council, this new Societal where to find sugar daddies in Dallas TX Protection Treasury, as well as the Federal Medical health insurance program (which is the prominent personal insurer). The personal markets has fitness risk administrators, personal wellness properties company, and you can nongovernmental communities (37).
Brand new Ministry from Societal Fitness, the main personal–provider, has a great about three–tiered business build: main, local, and you will provincial. The newest central peak is sold with work of the minister, which is backed by half a dozen vice–ministries: Management and you may Finance, Believe and you may Advancement, Personal Fitness, Quality assurance (established in 2008), the new Directorate to have Strengthening Local Health Attributes, and you will Personal Welfare. The new Directorate to possess Strategic Organization Invention, reorganized inside 2008, is in charge of the fresh strengthening, modernization, and you may institutional growth of the new Ministry out of Public Fitness, into the structure away from wellness–business change. The latest Ministry system keeps step 1,853 organization, including step 1,703 first care gadgets and you will 150 official next– and third–level centers (therefore, comprising 15 formal healthcare facilities, eleven local hospitals, 20 provincial healthcare facilities, and 104 civil healthcare facilities) (38).
All around health Rules 42–01, which was acknowledged for the 2001, has actually split up the fresh features away from proper care beginning, frontrunners, and you will resource. The nine regional fitness functions are definitely the healthcare companies on the personal, linked by a network out-of complexity membership on capacity to offer about minimum, cost–productive worry since the specified from the Very first Wellness Bundle. During 2009, government preparations have been drafted and you can followed, installing obligations and you can debt to aid the therapy provided by the new regional wellness features. The latest direction part has been strengthened with the production of this new Vice–Ministry off Quality assurance together with facilities out-of a case conference you to brings together every vice ministers and system directors in order to talk about and you will suggest proposals to own principles and you will laws and regulations to your various problems. The brand new direction role nevertheless has to be bolstered, especially in the newest perspective out of decentralization. Systematic or administrative troubles with respect to business make a difference to the caliber of care and attention, and therefore is also the possible lack of manage and you can supervision regarding staff together with very lower experience profile from the establishments. Into the , after the earliest Dominican number 1 medical care community forum, the newest Directorate to own No. 1 Care try revitalized, underneath the Directorate to own Developing and you will Building the regional Fitness Services (DDF–SRS), hence created a proper bundle and you can updated this new database for the pris is provided together on the pris for the persistent diseases and you can psychological state. Although not, the latest worry model wasn’t examined, and there is zero top-notch health degree program neither the human being info for the expected feel.
Fitness Costs And you may Financing
In the 2008, federal health expenses have been certain United states$ 560 million, or 5.5% of GDP (37). You to definitely percentage is similar to the one of the later 1990’s, but lower than this new percentage across the 2000–2003 several months, when it is actually almost six.2% (37). Predicated on 2008 monetary evidence getting health, social expenditures towards health was indeed Us$ 104.4 for each capita, which was 33.9% of full costs to your wellness. Into the 2004 that commission was actually 28.7%. Out–of–pouch costs stayed higher, despite the fact that have been faster a bit of the rise in the amount away from insurance policies–program professionals. Like, with respect to complete paying for pharmaceuticals, 67% of the number (approximately Us$ 400 million) is inspired by aside–of–pocket domestic costs (37). Social expenses towards the wellness due to the fact a portion from GDP are 2.1% in 2006 and you will dos.4% within the 2008 (37), indicating the low priority provided to brand new industry.